India’s true manifestation of its rich civilization and traditions is reflected in the broad variety of festivals celebrated here.
Here are 10 of the biggest festivals of India.
This festival of lights is celebrated to commemorate the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after defeating Demon Ravana. Houses are adorned with lights, tapers and clay lamps and people participate in family puja and share sweets with families. Doors are kept open with lights on in the night to welcome the Goddess Lakshmi (Goddess of Wealth) who is said to bring with her prosperity and financial luck for the family.
The festival of colors which signifies the triumph of good over evil and the arrival of spring is celebrated in March with a lot of elation across the nation. People gather in open areas and apply colors of manifold tilts to each other, with water filled balloons and drink Bhang.
Dussehra celebrates the victory of Lord Rama over Ravana. Ramlila – personification of scenes from Ramayana is held widely for 10 days. It’s culminated with the burning of huge icons of Ravana, Meghnath and kumbhakaran. Dusshera also marks the unofficial end of the summer season and the onset of the winter season.
Navratri – a nine day festival which symbolizes the celebration of the Goddess Amba (Power) in nine different forms celebrated by all people throughout India in different ways specially in Gujrat. Key attractions of this festival is the enterprising Garba and Dandiya dance done in laudable traditional dresses.
One of the most beautiful festivals of India is celebrated on the birth of Lord Krishna. Praying, dancing, and singing Chants is the constituent of the celebrations.One custom of Janmashtami is Dahi Handi where a clay pot filled with buttermilk is hung very high above the ground ,a human pyramid of men attempts to break it by hitting it hard, spilling the milk over the entire group, exemplifying their accomplishment through unity.
- Ganesh Chaturthi
Ganesh Chaturthi- a 10 day festival is the birthday of Lord Ganesha celebrated in the states of Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh with ardor and conviviality. Key attractions of this festival are the immersion ceremony of beautifully crafted life size idols of Ganesha, Pujas ceremonies performed in public pandals and homes in the morning and the evening.
On the most important Sikh festival of India.The jubilation of the day of remembrances of the ten Sikh Gurus,teachings on the life of the gurus, distribution of Karah Prasad and Langars are held.
On Shivaratri-the night of Shiva devotees offer Bael leaves to Lord Shiva. People cluster around Shiva temples and after bathing, smear their bodies with holy ashes and keep reciting prayers to Lord Shiva. Extensive singing and dancing takes place to enable people to stay awake all night. Bhang is also injested as part of the celebrations
Baisakhi is a harvest festival traditionally observed on 13 or 14 April, every year celebrated especially in the state of Punjab signifying the Sikh New Year and Khalsa Panth’s foundation
- Durga Puja
Durga Puja which exemplify the victory of Good over Evil, is mainly celebrated in Kolkata. Huge and beautiful Durga idols are made and People dress in traditional wear and go around dancing and praying.